Cyber Wellness - Protect your computer

Hey yo I have just reached home hours ago. I am dead beat tired after the workout just now in school. It was my first time trying out the gym equipment in school and my classmate decided to visit the gym more often, I finally found accompany to go to the gym with me hehe. By right I should be sleeping right now but then I will be having my Cyber wellness test later and I think that I need to share these information with you guys while helping me to revise at the same time. To me all these are basic knowledge but maybe some of you might not know the harm you or your computer can receive. Now I am going to try memorising my whole notes and will be copying some of the useful information here, post will be automatic schedule for publish every Wednesday at 1:00 AM. Enjoy and have a protective day :) and I don't know who would actually want to read these post.

Chapter 1
Protect your computer with the latest security updates

The world is now highly connected through the use of info-communication technology and I think everyone should be aware of the potential security threats that may affect us while we are in cyber space. Be a responsible surfer and protect ourselves when we surf the internet.

Common essential computer security terms

  • Firewall - A secure and trusted software that sits between a private network and a public network, it is a software designed to block hackers and unauthorized connections from accessing our computer. It also block our computer from sending out information to the internet without our approval.
  • Patch operating system - A patch is a small piece of software designed to update or fix problems with a computer program or its supporting data. This includes fixing bugs improving the usability or performance. You should know or patch often if you play games, even updating your mobile application can also be counted as a patch.
  • Anti-virus software - A term used to describe a computer program that attempts to identify, neutralize or eliminate malicious software. Anti-virus software helps to detect and remove malicious software (e.g. virus, worm and Trojan) that can perform harmful activities such as copying and deleting your files without your permission.
  • Anti-Spyware - Anti-Spyware is a program designed to remove or to block spyware, as well as reduce other chances of getting spyware on your system. It uses real time protection against the installation of spyware software on your computer and much more easier to use, this is a software that is already installed in your computer, all you need to do is search for "Windows Defender".

Basic step to protect your computer

  • Enable Firewall - Configure the firewall to block other computers on the internet from accessing your computer.
  • Patch operating system regularly - It is very important to keep yourself aware of security updates to all of the software on your machine. The easiest way to do this is to check the software vendor or developer's website on a regular basis or to join a mailing list that keeps users informed about security vulnerabilities and updates.
  • Install an anti-spyware software - Read the license agreement or Terms & Conditions before installing freeware or sharewares.
  • Do not open suspicious Emails - Scan all email attachments for viruses before opening them.
  • Fight Spam - Be careful when giving your email address or mobile number to strangers.
  • Password protection - Log out and clear the internet cache after all transactions like internet banking etc.

Uses of security update

Have anyone heard of Online Phishing(Pronounces as fishing)? Here is something interesting for a online shopper/deals lover like me. Beware of Phishing! It is a common form of scam on the internet, it is a method of identity theft that tricks you into revealing personal or financial information online. It uses fake Website or deceptive e-mail messages that mimic trusted businesses and brands in order to steal personally identifiable information such as usernames, passwords, credit card numbers, and Social Security numbers.
Turn on automatic Phising Filter to protect yourself.

Some security tips on Phishing:
  • Do not click on links provided in suspicious e-mails to access the website.
  • Do not provide personal information to requests received via e-mail.
  • Look for signs of a fake website
  • Suspicious website address
  • Address of the page where you submit information does not start with https:// and lock symbol is missing from the status bar.
  • Asking for more information than needed like credit card number etc.
  • Obvious spelling and grammatical errors.
After reading this post do remember to

Firewall - Install a firewall and configure it securely.
Anti-virus -  Install anti-virus software and update its dictionary regularly.
Scams & Spam - Beware of spam emails and fake websites.

Update - Update your operating system and software with security patches.
Password - Create strong passwords and keep them safe.

and wish me luck for my test later on :) will be typing out the rest of the chapter, do bookmark(Ctrl+D) my blog and look out for this page.

Declaration: I mean no harm or infringement of copyright, am re-posting to share and create awareness on Cyber Wellness only.
Source: ITE Cyber Wellness Notes